Peja: The Dukagjini Flower is ranked among the big cities in Kosovo. Compared to the cities of Europe, it is relatively small but very loving and with a slight movement for all ages in the town and its surroundings. The picturesque view of the Rugova Mountains and the Lumbardhi River, which passes through the city and brings the freshness of the air from the Rugova Gorge, where the inhabitants spend their free time walking on the river promenade, are two values that set up Peja as a unique city in Kosovo. Peja lies west of Kosovo and is a gateway to the Bjeshkët and Nemuna National Park. It is also a “green and vital” city as 75% of the territory has green areas. The entire region of the municipality is 603 km2, while the city alone has 20 km2. It borders Montenegro at state borders and municipal with Deçan, Istog, and Klina. The population of Peja is very active and full of youth, while sport and recreation in parks and nature are of a different value in this city. Peja is a city of sports and 3 Olympic medals respectively in Judo sports, while the field of art offers excellent names that have left traces in Kosovo and the world.
The municipality of Peja has a population of 100,000 inhabitants, whereas only the city area has 50,000 inhabitants. Cultural diversity makes this city unique, and the interethnic tolerance of the population makes this municipality to be even more attractive to visitors as it combines different cultures and traditions. Peja is now a beautiful destination for visitors. Its geographical position, natural and cultural wealth, fertile lands and sustainable rural development, active life of the inhabitants, sports as well as traditions and artistic cultures make Peja unique in the region and visited by tourists throughout the year. History shows that Peja has a very early development.
Archaeological facts show that the early ancient settlement was in the part of the Peja plain known as “Gradina.” Archaeological findings show that this ancient settlement was created on the foundations of an earlier Dardan locality. In antiquity, we know Peja as Siparantum of Dardanis; during the Middle Ages and other centuries, we also encounter names like Pentza, Peka, Pech, and Forno. So all this shows that Peja has been a very well-organized settlement and here is organized an organized life at a higher socio-economic level. Peja also has a fascinating history of development in different periods, and almost every period has left its traces where visitors can experience all the history, cultures, and traditions as if they were in other times. Historically, Peja is also known among the cities that have played an essential role at the national level.